|Table of Contents|

Centennial-Scale Monsoon Failure During the Younger Dryas Event Record in a High-ResolutionStalagmite from Longfugong Cave,Central China(PDF)


Research Field:
Publishing date:


Centennial-Scale Monsoon Failure During the Younger Dryas Event Record in a High-ResolutionStalagmite from Longfugong Cave,Central China
Wang Luyao12Zhao Kan12Huang Wei12Zhang Weihong3Shao Qingfeng1Wang Yongjin12
(1.MOE Key Laboratory of Virtual Geographic Environment,Nanjing Normal University,Nanjing 210023,China)(2.Jiangsu Center for Collaborative Innovation in Geographical Information Resource Development and Application,Nanjing 210023,China)(3.College of Geo
stalagmiteYounger Dryas eventmonsoon failureH1 event
P532; P597.2
A 461-mm long stalagmite from Longfugong Cave in Hubei province,cenrtal China,was 230Th dated and measured with stable isotopic analysis to reconstruct a high-resolution(3 a)Asian Monsoon history over a period from 12.42 to 10.53 ka B.P.,equivalent to the Younger Dyras(YD)episode. The overall pattern of δ18O record,characterized by gradual onset but rapid end,agrees well with other high-resolution and precisely-dated speleothem records from Hulu,Yamen and Qingtian Caves. A positive shift of δ18O values from -8.6‰ to -7.9‰ at around 11.71 ka B.P.,which is also mirrored in the carbon isotope composition with δ13C values from -7.4‰ to -6.0‰,indicates a~200 a monsoon failure within the YD. The structures and transitions of YD event are equally registered by the δ18O record of the H1 event(Heinrich 1)from Hulu Cave,possibly implying the same forcing mechanism. The calcite δ18O record,which presents abrupt fluctuations and detailed instabilities in monsoon over the studied interval,shows coherence with ice-core δ18O record from Greenland,supporting the direct linkage between Greenland climate and monsoonal circulation. Based on the comparison with the bulk sedimentary titanium(Ti)records from the Cariaco Basin,we attribute the internal centennial monsoon failure to the southward displacement of the Intertropical Convergence Zone(ITCZ). The statistically significant periodicities of ~128 a(δ13C)and~200 a(δ18O)from the wavelet analysis likely indicate the role of solar activity playing in monsoon,and this is further supported by the 10Be flux record derived from ice core.


[1] BROECKER W S,DENTON G H,EDWARDS R L,et al. Putting the Younger Dryas cold event into context[J]. Quaternary science reviews,2010,29(9):1 078-1 081.
[2]MANABE S,STOUFFER R J. Coupled ocean-atmosphere model response to freshwater input:comparison to Younger Dryas event[J]. Paleoceanography,1997,12(2):321-336.
[3]ZHOU W,HEAD M J,LU X,et al. Teleconnection of climatic events between East Asia and polar,high latitude areas during the last deglaciation[J]. Palaeogeography,palaeoclimatology,palaeoecology,1999,152(1/2):163-172.
[4]WANG Y J,CHENG H,EDWARDS R L,et al. A high-resolution absolute-dated Late Pleistocene monsoon record from Hulu Cave,China[J]. Science,2001,294(5 550):2 345-2 348.
[5]NAKAGAWA T,TARASOV P E,KITAGAWA H,et al. Seasonally specific responses of the East Asian monsoon to deglacial climate changes[J]. Geology,2006,34(7):521-524.
[6]YANCHEVA G,NOWACYZK N R,MINGRAM J,et al. Influence of the intertropical convergence zone on the East Asian monsoon[J]. Nature,2007,445(7 123):74-77.
[7]STUIVER M,GROOTES P M. GISP2 oxygen isotope ratios[J]. Quaternary research,2000,53(3):277-284.
[8]RASMUSSEN S O,SEIERSTAD I K,ANDERSEN K K,et al. Synchronization of the NGRIP,GRIP,and GISP2 ice cores across MIS2 and palaeoclimatic implications[J]. Quaternary science reviews,2008,27(1):18-28.
[9]BAKKE J,LIE ?,HEEGAARD E,et al. Rapid oceanic and atmospheric changes during the Younger Dryas cold period[J]. Nature geoscience,2009,2(3):202-205.
[10]LIU D,WANG Y,CHENG H,et al. Centennial-scale Asian monsoon variability during the mid-Younger Dryas from Qingtian Cave,central China[J]. Quaternary research,2013,80(2):199-206.
[11]BARD E,ROSTEK F,TURON J L,et al. Hydrological impact of Heinrich events in the subtropical northeast Atlantic[J]. Science,2000,289(5 483):1 321-1 324.
[12]MCMANUS J F,FRANCOIS R,GHERARDI J M,et al. Collapse and rapid resumption of Atlantic meridional circulation linked to deglacial climate changes[J]. Nature,2004,428(6 985):834-837.
[13]MONNIN E,INDERMüHLE A,D?LLENBACH A,et al. Atmospheric CO2 concentrations over the last glacial termination[J]. Science,2001,291(5 501):112-114.
[14]DENTON G H,BROECKER W S,ALLEY R B. The mystery interval 17.5 to 14.5 kyrs ago[J]. PAGES News,2006,14(2):14-16.
[15]ZHANG W,WU J,WANG Y,et al. A detailed East Asian monsoon history surrounding the“Mystery Interval”derived from three Chinese speleothem records[J]. Quaternary research,2014,82(1):154-163.
[16]BROECKER W,PUTNAM A E. How did the hydrologic cycle respond to the two-phase mystery interval?[J]. Quaternary science reviews,2012,57(60):17-25.
[17]湖北省神农架林区地方编纂委员会. 神农架志[M]. 武汉:湖北科学技术出版社,1996:24-25.
[18]DOUVILLE E,SALLé E,FRANK N,et al. Rapid and accurate U-Th dating of ancient carbonates using inductively coupled plasma-quadrupole mass spectrometry[J]. Chemical geology,2010,272(1/4):1-11.
[19]SHAO Q,BAHAIN J J,WANG W,et al. Coupled ESR and U-series dating of early pleistocene gigantopithecus faunas at Mohui and Sanhe caves,Guangxi,southern China[J]. Quaternary geochronology,2015,30:524-528.
[20]HENDY C H. The isotopic geochemistry of speleothems:1. The calculation of the effects of different modes of formation on the isotopic composition of speleothems and their applicability as palaeoclimatic indicators[J]. Geochimica Et cosmochimia acta,1971,35(8):801-824.
[21]DORALE J A,LIU Z. Limitations of Hendy Test criteria in judging the paleoclimatic suitability of speleothems and the need for replication[J]. Journal of cave and karst studies,2009,71(1):73-80.
[22]JOHNSON K R,INGRAM B L. Spatial and temporal variability in the stable isotope systematics of modern precipitation in China:implications for paleoclimate reconstructions[J]. Earth and planetary science letters,2004,220(3/4):365-377.
[23]DAYEM K E,MOLNAR P,BATTISTI D S,et al. Lessons learned from oxygen isotopes in modern precipitation applied to interpretation of speleothem records of paleoclimate from eastern Asia[J]. Earth and planetary science letters,2010,295(1/2):219-230.
[24]LIU J,CHEN J,ZHANG X,et al. Holocene East Asian summer monsoon records in northern China and their inconsistency with Chinese stalagmite δ18O records[J]. Earth-science reviews,2015,148:194-208.
[25]LIU D,WANG Y,CHENG H,et al. A detailed comparison of Asian monsoon intensity and greenland temperature during the Aller?d and Younger Dryas events[J]. Earth and planetary science letters,2008,272(3/4):691-697.
[26]汪永进,吴江滢,刘殿兵,等. 石笋记录的东亚季风气候H1事件突变性特征[J]. 中国科学,2002,32(3):227-233.
[27]程 海,艾思本,王先锋,等. 中国南方石笋氧同位素记录的重要意义[J]. 第四纪研究,2005,25(2):157-163.
[28]CHENG H,SINHA A,WANG X,et al. The global paleomonsoon as seen through speleothem records from Asia and the Americas[J]. Climate dynamics,2012,39(5):1 045-1 062.
[29]YANG Y,YUAN D X,CHENG H,et al. Precise dating of abrupt shifts in the Asian Monsoon during the last deglaciation based on stalagmite data from Yamen Cave,Guizhou Province,China[J]. Science China earth sciences,2010,53(5):633-641.
[30]MA Z B,CHENG H,TAN M,et al. Timing and structure of the Younger Dryas event in northern China[J]. Quaternary science reviews,2012,41(2):83-93.
[31]VAKS A,BAR-MATTHEWS M,AYALON A,et al. Paleoclimate reconstruction based on the timing of speleothem growth and oxygen and carbon isotope composition in a cave located in the rain shadow in Israel[J]. Quaternary research,2003,59(2):182-193.
[32]李 彬,袁道先,林玉石,等. 桂林地区降水、洞穴滴水及现代洞穴碳酸盐氧碳同位素研究及其环境意义[J]. 中国科学,2000,30(1):81-87.
[33]周运超,王世杰,谢兴能,等. 贵州4个洞穴滴水对大气降雨响应的动力学及其意义[J]. 科学通报,2004,49(21):2 220-2 227.
[34]JOHNSON K R,HU C,BELSHAW N S,et al. Seasonal trace-element and stable-isotope variations in a Chinese speleothem:the potential for high-resolution paleomonsoon reconstruction[J]. Earth and planetary science letters,2006,244(1/2):394-407.
[35]BAN F,PAN G,ZHU J,et al. Temporal and spatial variations in the discharge and dissolved organic carbon of drip waters in Beijing Shihua Cave,China[J]. Hydrological progresses,2008,22(18):3 749-3 758.
[36]罗维均,王世杰. 贵州凉风洞大气降水—土壤水—滴水的δ18O信号传递及其意义[J]. 科学通报,2008,53(17):2 071-2 076.
[37]EBBESEN H,HALD M. Unstable Younger Dryas climate in the northeast North Atlantic[J]. Geology,2004,32(8):673-676.
[38]DORALE J A,EDWARDS R L,ITO E,et al. Climate and vgetation history of the midcontinent from 75 to 25 ka:a speleothem record from Crevice Cave,Missouri,USA[J]. Science,1998,282(5 395):1 871-1 874.
[39]KONG X,WANG Y,WU J,et al. Complicated responses of stalagmite δ13C to climate change during the last glaciation from Hulu Cave,Nanjing,China[J]. Science in China earth sciences,2005,48(12):2 174-2 181.
[40]HELLSTROM B J,MCCULLOCH M,STONE J. A detailed 31 000-year record of climate and vegetation change from the isotope geochemistry of two New Zealand speleothems[J]. Quaternary research,1998,50(2):167-178.
[41]CRUZ F W,BURNS S J,KARMANN I,et al. A stalagmite record of changes in atmospheric circulation and soil processes in the Brazilian subtropics during the Late Pleistocene[J]. Quaternary science reviews,2006,25(21/22):2 749-2 761.
[42]GENTY D,BLAMART D,OUAHDI R,et al. Precise dating of Dansgaard-Oeschger climate oscillations in western Europe from stalagmite data[J]. Nature,2003,421(6 925):833-837.
[43]GENTY D. Palaeoclimate research in Villars Cave(Dordogne,SW-France)[J]. International journal of speleology,2008,37(3):173-191.
[44]GENTY D,COMBOURIEU-NEBOUT N,PEYRON O,et al. Isotopic characterization of rapid climatic events during OIS3 and OIS4 in Villars Cave stalagmites(SW-France)and correlation with Atlantic and Mediterranean pollen records[J]. Quaternary science reviews,2010,29(19/20):2 799-2 820.
[45]GENTY D,MASSAULT M. Carbon transfer dynamics from bomb-14C and δ13C time series of a laminated stalagmite from SW France:modelling and comparison with other stalagmite records[J]. Geochimica Et cosmochimica acta,1999,63(10):1 537-1 548.
[46]BALDINI J U L,MCDERMOTT F,BAKER A,et al. Biomass effects on stalagmite growth and isotope ratios:a 20th century analogue from Wiltshire,England[J]. Earth and planetary science letters,2005,240(2):486-494.
[47]GENTY D,BLAMART D,GHALEB B,et al. Timing and dynamics of the last deglaciation from European and North African δ13C profiles:comparisons with Chinese and South Hemisphere stalagmites[J]. Quaternary science reviews,2006,25(17/18):2 118-2 142.
[48]秦小光,刘东生,谭 明,等. 北京石花洞石笋微层灰度变化特征及其气候意义:Ⅱ. 灰度的年际变化[J]. 中国科学(D辑),2000,30(3):239-248.
[49]ALLEY R B. The Younger Dryas cold interval as viewed from Central Greenland[J]. Quaternary science reviews,2000,19(1/5):213-226.
[50]吴江滢,汪永进,程海,等. 葫芦洞石笋记录的19.9~17.1 ka B.P.东亚季风增强事件[J]. 中国科学,2009,39(1):61-69.
[51]ANDERSON R F,ALI S,BRADTMILLER L I,et al. Wind-driven upwelling in the southern ocean and the deglacial rise in atmospheric CO2[J]. Science,2009,323(5 920):1 443-1 448.
[52]陈仕涛,汪永进,孔兴功,等. 倒数第三次冰消期亚洲季风气候可能的类Younger Dryas事件[J]. 中国科学,2006,36(5):445-452.
[53]CHENG H,EDWARDS R L,BROECKER W S,et al. Ice age termination[J]. Science,2009,326(5 950):248-252.
[54]GANOPOLSKI A,RAHMSTORF S. Rapid changes of glacial climate simulated in a coupled climate model[J]. Nature,2001,409(6 817):153-158.
[55]MEMBERS E C. One-to-one coupling of glacial climate variability in Greenland and Antarctica[J]. Nature,2006,444:195-198.
[56]WANG X,AULER A S,EDWARDS R L,et al. Northeastern Brazil wet periods linked to distant climate anomalies and rainforest boundary changes[J]. Nature,2004,432:740-743.
[57]WANG X,EDWARDS R L,AULER A S,et al. Millennial-scale interhemispheric asymmetry of low-latitude precipitation:speleothem evidence and possible high-latitude forcing[J]. American geophysical union,2007,173(79):279-294.
[58]ANDERSEN K K,SVENSSON A,JOHNSEN S J,et al. The greenland ice core chronology 2005,15-42 ka. part 1:constructing the time scale[J]. Quaternary science reviews,2006,25(23/24):3 246-3 257.
[59]SHEN C C,KANO A,HORI M,et al. East Asian monsoon evolution and reconciliation of climate records from Japan and Greenland during the last deglaciation[J]. Quaternary science reviews,2010,29(s 23/24):3 327-3 335.
[60]THORNALLEY D J R,BARKER S,BROECKER W,S et al. The deglacial evolution of North Atlantic deep convection[J]. Science,2011,331(6 014):202-205.
[61]HUGHEN K A,OVERPECK J T,PETERSON L C,et al. Rapid climate changes in the tropical Atlantic region during the last deglaciation[J]. Nature,1996,380(6 569):51-54.
[62]MULLER-KARGER F,VARELA R,THUNELL R,et al. Annual cycle of primary production in the Cariaco Basin:response to upwelling and implications for vertical export[J]. Journal of geophysical research,2001,106(C3):4 527-4 542.
[63]HAUG G H,HUGHEN K A,SIGMAN D M,et al. Southward migration of the Intertropical Convergence Zone through the Holocene[J]. Science,2001,293(5 533):1 304-1 308.
[64]CHIANG J C H,BITZ C M. Influence of high latitude ice cover on the marine Intertropical Convergence Zone[J]. Climate dynamics,2005,25(5):477-496.
[65]STUIVER M,BRAZIUNAS T F. Sun,ocean,climate and atmospheric 14CO2:an evaluation of causal and spectral relationships[J]. The holocene,1993,3(4):289-305.
[66]WAGNER G,BEER J,MASARIK J,et al. Presence of the solar de vries cycle(205 years)during the last ice age[J]. Geophysical research letters,2001,28(2):303-306.
[67]BOND G,KROMER B,BEER J,et al. Persistent solar influence on North Atlantic climate during the Holocene[J]. Science,2001,294(5 549):2 130-2 136.
[68]MUSCHELER R,BEER J,WAGNER G,et al. Changes in the carbon cycle during the last deglaciation as indicated by the comparison of10Be and14C records[J]. Earth and planetary science letters,2004,219(3/4):325-340.
[69]RENSSEN H,GEEL B,PLICHT J,et al. Reduced solar activity as a trigger for the start of the Younger Dryas?[J]. Quaternary international,2000,68(1):373-383.
[70]GOSLAR T,ARNOLD M,TISNERAT-LABORDE N,et al. Variations of Younger Dryas atmospheric radiocarbon explicable without ocean circulation changes[J]. Nature,2000,403(6 772):877-880.
[71]ATTOLINI M R,GALLI M,NANNI T. Long and short cycles in solar activity during the last millennia[J]. Nato Asi,1988,236:49-68.


Last Update: 1900-01-01