[1]张咸鹏,李 欣,温有锋,等.柯尔克孜族成人体部体质表型特征[J].南京师大学报(自然科学版),2022,(02):63-71.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1001-4616.2022.02.008]
 Zhang Xianpeng,Li Xin,Wen Youfeng,et al.Physical Characteristics of Kirgiz Adults[J].Journal of Nanjing Normal University(Natural Science Edition),2022,(02):63-71.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1001-4616.2022.02.008]
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柯尔克孜族成人体部体质表型特征()
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《南京师大学报(自然科学版)》[ISSN:1001-4616/CN:32-1239/N]

卷:
期数:
2022年02期
页码:
63-71
栏目:
·生物学·
出版日期:
2022-05-15

文章信息/Info

Title:
Physical Characteristics of Kirgiz Adults
文章编号:
1001-4616(2022)02-0063-09
作者:
张咸鹏1李 欣1温有锋1李 强1张文虔1叶丽平2
(1.锦州医科大学生物人类学研究所,辽宁 锦州 121000)(2.锦州医科大学病理生理学教研室,辽宁 锦州 121000)
Author(s):
Zhang Xianpeng1Li Xin1Wen Youfeng1Li Qiang1Zhang Wenqian1Ye Liping2
(1.Institute of Biological Anthropology,Jinzhou Medical University,Jinzhou 121000,China)(2.Department of Pathophysiology,Jinzhou Medical University,Jinzhou 121000,China)
关键词:
柯尔克孜族活体测量新疆体部形态指标
Keywords:
KirgizanthropometryXinjiangphysical indices
分类号:
Q983
DOI:
10.3969/j.issn.1001-4616.2022.02.008
文献标志码:
A
摘要:
为探寻柯尔克孜族人群身体各部位长度、宽度及围度特征,本次研究采用人体测量方法,对柯尔克孜族1001名成年人(男414,女587)的29项体部指标进行调查,并计算20项体部指数,采用t检验、单因素方差分析、主成分分析、聚类分析等统计学方法,比较各项指标及指数是否具有性别、年龄及民族间的差异. t检验、方差分析的结果显示,柯尔克孜族身体各部位长度、宽度及围度指标(除胸围、臀围、上臂围)均具有性别间的差异,臂围度指数、小腿长围度指数等12项指数也同样具有性别间差异; 体重、身高等21项体部指标以及上臂长围指数、前臂长围指数等12项指数具有年龄间的差异; 并且体重、身高、坐高、耳屏点高等21项指标及指数在所有年龄段内都具有性别间的差异. 柯尔克孜族成人主要表现为中等身高,中型腿长,宽肩、宽骨盆、中长型躯干,主成分分析及聚类分析的结果显示,南北疆柯尔克孜族体部体质特征存在差异,柯尔克孜族与阿尔泰语系突厥语族民族、蒙古族、汉族间的差异较小. 最终研究发现柯尔克孜族人群多项体部测量指标及指数具有性别及年龄间的差异,南北疆柯尔克孜族人群体部体质特征存在差异,且柯尔克孜族体部体质特征与阿尔泰语系突厥语族人群、蒙古族、汉族相似.
Abstract:
In order to understand the physical characteristics of Kirgiz adults,this study investigated 29 anthropometric indices and 20 physical calculated indices of 1,001 Kirgiz adults(male 414,female 587)by using anthropometric methods. The differences of indices among different gender,age and ethnic groups were compared by t-test,one-way analysis of variance,principal component analysis and cluster analysis. The result of t-test and one-way analysis of variance indicated that there were gender differences in anthropometric indices of Kirgiz adults except chest circumference,hip circumference,and biceps circumference. 12 physical calculated indices such as arm girth index and lower leg length-girth index also had gender differences. And 21 anthropometric indices and 12 physical calculated indices had age differences,21 anthropome-tric and physical calculated indices exhibited gender differences between different age groups. Kirgiz adults were medium height,mesatiskelic legs,broad shoulders,wide pelvis,and mid-length torso. The results of principal component analysis and cluster analysis revealed there were differences of physical characteristics between Kirgiz adults who were from southern and northern Xinjiang,and physical characteristics of Kirgiz people had less differences with the Turkic-speaking populations,Mongolians and Hans. In conclusion,this study found obvious differences of anthropometric and physical indices in different gender and age groups,the physical characteristics of Kirgiz people from southern Xinjiang and northern Xinjiang were different,and the physical characteristics of Kirgiz people were similar to Turkic-speaking populations,Mongolians and Hans,it revealed complex population history.

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备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
基金项目:科技部科技基础性工作专项(2015FY111700).
通讯作者:叶丽平,博士,副教授,研究方向:肿瘤侵袭与转移. E-mail:yeliping@jzmu.edu.cn
更新日期/Last Update: 1900-01-01